This paper considers the problem of domestic and international non-compliance with aboriginal customary law regarding traditional designs, ritual knowledge and other intellectual property. It begins by outlining the general failure of domestic and international copyright law to provide a legal solution. It follows with discussion of the Galinbingu people’s recent success in the breakthrough Australian decision Bulun Bulun v. R. & T. Textiles Pty. Ltd. The author then argues that Canadian law provides a unique basis for solution as the rights of aboriginal peoples in Canada are protected under s. 35(1) of Constitution Act, 1982.